Diversifying our sources of energy providesÂ a variety of benefits, such as greater reliability and lower carbon emissions. While a new mandate forÂ residential solar panels in CaliforniaÂ represents a step towards diversification, the regulations shift the financial burden onto the stateâ€™s poorest residents. At a time when the Golden State is blighted by anÂ affordable housing crisis, legislators should be focusing on making housing and energy more accessible for consumers.
Beginning January 1stÂ 2020, all new homes in California under four stories will requireÂ rooftop PV (photovoltaic) solar panelsÂ to off-set their anticipated energy use. According to theÂ stateâ€™s Energy Commission, the solar panels are expected to add approximately $9,500 to the cost of construction. Coupled with increased energy efficiency regulations, it is estimated that homes built under the new standards will use 53% less energy than their predecessors.
The problem with the new solar mandate is that it imposes a sizeable cost on an already unaffordable property market. The median property price in California is nowÂ just shy of $600,000, almost doubleÂ the national median. Priced out of owning their own home,Â almost 50%Â of Californians rent their housing. Moreover, the state has the largest homeless population in the countryâ€“the vast majorityÂ of which do not have access to any type of temporary housing.
The solar panel mandate adds yet another cost to building more housing for both buyers and renters in California. While a $9,500 increase wonâ€™t dampen the dreams of the stateâ€™s millionaires, it will price-out the poorest in the state who are struggling to make ends meet. According to calculations by theÂ National Association of Home Builders,Â each marginal $1,000 price increase cuts almost 10,000 Californians out of the homebuying market. The mandate will bar almost 100,000 Californians from buying a home and will put financial pressure on countless renters.
To make matters worse, the solar panel mandate clearly disregards the preferences of homeowners in California. TheÂ California Energy CommissionÂ is quick to declare that, â€śthe benefits of solar outweigh its costs, such that the new homeowner is saving money from day one in the home.â€ť However, for the overwhelming majority of Californians, the actual return does not merit the investment.Â
According to theÂ California Solar Initiative, more than half a million residential properties are connected to the stateâ€™s electricity grid through solar net metering programs. WithÂ just under 13 millionÂ households in the state, these solar-powered homes constitute less than 5% of Californian homes.
When the vast majority of existing homeowners have voted against domestic solar systems with their wallets, why should the owners and renters of new homes be saddled with the cost of energy diversification? If the math were that simple and the benefits that obvious, a mandate wouldnâ€™t be necessary.
Instead of punishing the poor, Californian legislators should work to provide consumers with affordable renewable energy. For example, utility scale PV systems are built over large areas of sunny land to produce electricity at a lower overall cost per watt than residential systemsâ€”a fact recognized by theÂ Californian Energy Commission.
The CommissionÂ contends, however,Â that the potential adverse impact of utility scale systems upon â€śsensitive wildlife habitatsâ€ť outweighs the cost of residential systems to consumers. In the eyes of Californian regulators, protecting nonspecific wildlife appears more important than addressing the stateâ€™s housing crisis.
Energy diversification is an important step towards ensuring reliable and sustainable energy. But imposing onerous mandates that drive up the cost of housing for consumers is not the answer.Â
Consumers in California deserve better.
Oliver McPherson-Smith writes for the American Consumer Institute, a nonprofit educational and research organization. For more information about the Institute, visitÂ www.TheAmericanConsumer.OrgÂ or follow us on Twitter @ConsumerPal.