With governments around the world and the EU rolling out the fiscal stimulus big guns in the face of widely predicted, COVID-19-related economic turmoil, Canberra‚Äôs economic response to the coronavirus policy package is a $17.6 billion (US$10.1 billion) scheme which includes PV in its remit.
The policy attempts to provide a buffer for business against cliff-edge falls in demand prompted by the COVID-19 pandemic and includes tax deduction incentives which could apply to the installation of commercial and industrial solar.
‚ÄúLike other economies around the world, the Australian economy is already feeling the effects of the global coronavirus outbreak,‚ÄĚ stated the federal government. ‚ÄúThe economic shock is likely to be significant ‚Ä¶ The package is front-loaded in order to instill confidence in businesses and households and help firms keep people employed. This will ensure that the economy is in the best possible position to recover as the shock subsides.‚ÄĚ
‚ÄúDelivering support for business investment‚ÄĚ is crucial, said the government on Friday. One prime means of supporting businesses might involve reducing the drain of energy bills.
The stimulus package increases the ceiling for each ‚Äėinstant asset write-off‚Äô. Under Australian tax rules, eligible businesses can write the value of capital purchases for their firm ‚Äď such as solar arrays ‚Äď off their tax bill. Previously, each capital purchase had to cost no more than $30,000 and businesses had to have turnover of no more than $50 million to qualify.
‚ÄúThe government is increasing the instant asset write-off threshold from $30,000 to $150,000 and expanding access to include businesses with aggregated annual turnover of less than $500 million, until 30 June, 2020,‚ÄĚ the federal authorities announced.
In an interview with the 9News TV program, prime minister Scott Morrison said the new rules would give businesses the ‚Äúconfidence‚ÄĚ to purchase and install equipment ‚Äúbecause they will be able to write-off completely, 100%‚ÄĚ.
The package also accelerated depreciation tax deductions under the ‚Äúbacking business investment‚ÄĚ heading. Depreciation is the method of accounting for the expense of physical assets over the extent of their useful lifetime, effectively reducing company income for tax purposes by instalments rather than in one swoop when items are purchased. Under the new policy, which will apply until June 30 next year, ‚Äúbusinesses with a turnover of less than $500 million will be able to deduct 50% of the cost of an eligible asset on installation, with existing depreciation rules applying to the balance of the asset‚Äôs cost.‚ÄĚ
Large scale solar farms with turnover of no more than $500 million can, therefore, take advantage of the change to accounting rules.
The PV industry is at risk because the pandemic started in China, the source of most of the nation‚Äôs solar panels. Recent analysis of solar manufacturing published by Wood Mackenzie stated: ‚ÄúIf activity is restored by the end of February, the impact is likely to be short term. However, if [COVID-19 travel and public gathering] restrictions remain in place longer, then the impact on supply in China will be significant, choking the country‚Äôs output.‚ÄĚ
Fellow analyst Bloomberg New Energy Finance has reported¬†production of PV components is starting to resume in China. Whilst short-term supply shortages appear likely, China is expected to prioritize meeting export demand before its domestic customers.
However, the COVID-19 pandemic has illustrated the dangers of concentrating solar manufacturing in one nation, according to BNEF, which said more production facilities were needed elsewhere in Asia as well as in Europe and the U.S., particularly with respect to battery manufacturing.